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THE ORKHON VALLEY, NOMADIC PASTORAL TRADITIONS OF MONGOLIA

The Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape (Mongolia) extends along the banks of the Orkhon River in Central Mongolia, about 320km west of the capitalUlaanbaatar, was inscribed on the UNESCO list of cultural heritage of humanity that represents the evolution of nomadic pastoral traditions for over two millennia. The Orkhon Valley was viewed as the seat of the imperial power of the steppes for many centuries.

The first evidence comes from a stone stele with runic inscriptions, erected in the valley by Bilge Khan, an eighth Century ruler of the empire was Göktürk. About 25km north of the stele, in the shadow of the sacred mountain forests Ötüken was his Ordu or nomadic capital. During the reign of the valley curb Qidan stele was described in three languages to accommodate the works of a few potentates Qidan.
Mountains were considered sacred as the axis mundi in Tengriism but Ötüken was especially sacred by the spirits of ancestors and beys resided here khagans. Moreover, a force called qut believe, comes from this mountain, granting the governing khagan divine law, the Turkish tribes. Who controlled this valley was considered heavenly appointed leader of the Turks and could rally the tribes. Thus, control of the Orkhon Valley was of utmost strategic importance for every Turkish state. Historically, each Turkish capital (Ordu) retired here for the same reason. There were many houses of the shore, but are now all gone.