Mesa Verde National Park is one of the national park in the United States and UNESCO World Heritage Site in the south-western part of the state of Colorado. This Park is famous for its caveswhich protects incredibly well preserved. In fact, they are one of the most interesting archaeological sites in North America. Mesa Verde is also different plateau desert landscape and rugged canyons. The name of the park is Spanish for “green table“, based on the vegetation on top of the countries in this region. Mesa Verde Puebloans chose as their colony 1400 years ago, the creation of semi-subterranean houses a small (large holes in the ground with a wooden roof) on top of Mesa.
At the time, they were nomadic and hunted with spears and weavers were qualified. Finally, they began to cultivate the Mesa tops, learned to make pottery, bows and arrows, spears, not fashion. As the population grew, the last Puebloans pithouses reeds and mud houses built on the land. Semi-subterranean houses were kivas (ceremonial rooms) which is at the top of the plateau villages larger and more complex. Size of the stones and dirt poles replaced the houses where the villages have grown two or three floors, has become more compact and had plenty of room.
Meanwhile, replaced baskets ceramic vessel longer than is necessary. About 1200 Pueblo began to fall below projections found in the canyon cliffs. Here they built a city with high-rise structures located 100-400 people. However, these figures surprising Puebloans used for less than 100 years. About 100 million years Mesa Verde and the surrounding area were covered shallow sea and sandy sedimentscemented sandstone layers that make up a large part of the geology of the park. In the sea to the south of the region a plateau of Mesa Verde was created to increase. Over time, small streams cut channels into the tray, making deep gorges that separate the individual tables. South shelf extends like fingers in the desert.
From the entrance to Montezuma Valley, the level rises substantially flat upper edge of the plate. Its heights is about 6100 over 8400 meters from the company upside above sea level. There are many animals in the park. Mule deer are common, as the wild turkey from the service park will be restored. You can also see squirrels, skunks or incidental black bear around the camp. See other mammals in the park include coyote, gray fox, mountain lion, bear, moose, marmots, and porcupines excepting various kinds of birds in the Park Mesa Verde which attracts the viewers.
The other magical things of this canyons to find warblers, flycatchers, woodpeckers, jays, hawks, chickadees, titmice and other species. Hawks can, golden eagle and peregrine falcon on the edge of the table on Montezuma Valley can be seen. Mesa Verde is located in a residential area of Sonora, high arid climate, altitude and pinion juniper forests are characterized. Wormwood are Douglas fir and Ponderous pine usual. Gambel oak is found in abundance in the camp Morefield. Mesa Verde is a kind of seasonal park when it is open all year round, most of the services offered from April to October.